I remember reading an article in the St. Austin Review that described Tolkien’s Hobbiton as an embodiment of a social philosophy known as “distributism.” G.K. Chesterton was a big proponent of it. Wendell Berry—know him? You could call him one too.
It’s basically agrarianism where everyone is a peasant and nobody is a lord. In Hobbiton, all the farms are for sustaining the community, not trading with the outside world at large. The mill is the closest thing to an industry, but once again it is for producing enough for the Shire. “Distributists were ‘greens’ before anyone had the label,” and it certainly wasn’t because they worshipped the earth or anything. As Christians, they believed not that all creation was God, but that all creation was God’s temple.